The line is used to take the view across a landscape and to create physical flow and connectivity. Vertical lines bring the eye to the sky and are useful for expanding small spaces. In design, mass is a measure of visual size. Shape refers to the shapes of objects in a landscape.
The job of the foreground is to direct the viewer's eyes to the background. This helps add a lot of depth to the image, making the two-dimensional photo appear more three-dimensional. The foreground doesn't have to be particularly surprising (as long as the background is), just choose something that contrasts well with the background. Any object with main lines that point to the background definitely helps, too.
If there are any large or noticeable objects in the foreground (such as flowers, large rocks, trees, etc.), then it might be useful to place them in the center of the frame and have them expand the full width of the frame, or place them off-center (following the rule of thirds). The photo above would have looked very strange if all those big rocks in the foreground were in a big pile in the center of the image, instead of being on the sides. In general, the background is the most dramatic part of a landscape photograph, because that is what the foreground leads to. So, when the viewer's eyes get there, it's good to have something powerful to look at.
Classic backgrounds include things like mountains, hills, lonely trees, lakes, or big skies with interesting cloud formations (especially at sunrise or sunset). A simple way to make the background stronger is to photograph the landscape in a strong light, which is another element of a great landscape ???? The best book I've read about landscape photography is “Mountain Light” by Galen Rowell, where you'll get most of the tips you need to know. Yes, foreground, middle, and background imply depth, but so do other things. For example I) Warmer colors appear closer.
The rock in the foreground appears even closer due to its warmer color ii) Things turn bluer as they move away, a trick used by painters of times past. This is evident in the main photo also where the mountain is a shade bluer than the foreground. LINE — Lines can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, or curved. Lines are used in landscape designs to accentuate an object, control movement, or draw attention to a focal point, such as a campfire or water fountain.
A garden path or path with a direct route to a focal point will naturally draw a person to that area. On the contrary, a meandering walkway will create a sense of surprise.